References

Abbasi M, Eslami S, Mohammadi M. The pedagogical effect of a health education application for Deaf and hard of hearing students in elementary schools. Electronic Physician. 2017; 9:(9) https://doi.org/10.19082/5199

Barker DH, Quittner AL, Fink NE Predicting behavior problems in Deaf and hearing children: The influences of language, attention, and parent–child communication. Development and Psychopathology. 2009; 21:(2) https://doi.org/10.1017/s0954579409000212

Barry MM, Clarke AM, Jenkins R, Patel V. A systematic review of the effectiveness of mental health promotion interventions for young people in low and middle income countries. BMC Public Health. 2013; 13:(1)

Bergin AD, Vallejos EP, Davies EB Preventive digital mental health interventions for children and young people: a review of the design and reporting of research. Digital Medicine. 2020; 3:(1)1-9B https://doi.org/10.1038/s41746-020-00339-7

Bevan Jones R, Stallard P, Agha SS Practitioner review: Co-design of digital mental health technologies with children and young people. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2020; 61:(8)928-940 https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13258

Bigler D, Burke K, Laureano N, Alfonso K, Jacobs J, Bush ML. Assessment and treatment of behavioral disorders in children with hearing loss: A systematic review. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery. 2018; 160:(1)36-48 https://doi.org/10.1177/0194599818797598

Black PA, Glickman NS. Demographics, psychiatric diagnoses, and other characteristics of North American Deaf and hard-of-hearing inpatients. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education. 2006; 11:(3)303-321 https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/enj042

Briffa D, Davidson F, Ferndale MD. An identification of the social and emotional needs of people living with post-lingual hearing loss. JADARA. 2016; 50:(2)67-88

Clegg J, Hollis C, Mawhood L, Rutter M. Developmental language disorders–a follow-up in later adult life. Cognitive, language and psychosocial outcomes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2005; 46:(2)128-149 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00342.x

Crowe T, Jani S, Jani S, Jani N, Jani R. A pilot program in rural telepsychiatry for Deaf and hard of hearing populations. Heliyon. 2016; 2:(3) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2016.e00077

Crowe TV. Is telemental health services a viable alternative to traditional psychotherapy for Deaf individuals?. Community mental health journal. 2017; 53:(2)154-162 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-016-0025-3

Dreyzehner J, Goldberg KA. Depression in Deaf and hard of hearing youth. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics. 2019; 28:(3)411-419 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chc.2019.02.011

Fellinger J, Holzinger D, Sattel H, Laucht M, Goldberg D. Correlates of mental health disorders among children with hearing impairments. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 2009; 51:(8)635-641 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8749.2008.03218.x

Fellinger J, Holzinger D, Pollard R. Mental health of Deaf people. The Lancet. 2012; 379:(9820)1037-1044 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(11)61143-4

Furness E, Li IW, Patterson L, Brennan-Jones CG, Eikelboom RH, Cross D, Fisher C. A Qualitative Exploration of the Role and Needs of Classroom Teachers in Supporting the Mental Health and Well-Being of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools. 2019; 50:(3)399-415 https://doi.org/10.1044/2019_lshss-18-0085

Hall WC. What you don't know can hurt you: The risk of language deprivation by impairing sign language development in Deaf children. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2017; 21:(5)961-965 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-017-2287-y

Hindley P, Kitson N.London, UK: Whurr; 2000

Humphries T, Kushalnagar P, Mathur G, Napoli DJ, Padden C, Rathmann C, Smith SR. Language acquisition for Deaf children: Reducing the harms of zero tolerance to the use of alternative approaches. Harm Reduction Journal. 2012; (9) https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7517-9-16

Karras E, Rintamaki LS. An examination of online health information seeking by Deaf people. Health Communication. 2011; 27:(2)194-204 https://doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2011.575539

Kelly CM, Jorm AF, Wright A. Improving mental health literacy as a strategy to facilitate early intervention for mental disorders. Medical Journal of Australia. 2007; 187:(S7)S26-S30 https://doi.org/10.5694/j.1326-5377.2007.tb01332.x

The inclusion of deaf children in Malaysian primary schools: Experiences of parents, staff members and children. 2019. https://www.research.manchester.ac.uk/portal/en/theses/the-inclusion-of-deaf-children-in-malaysian-primary-schools-experiences-of-parents-staff-members-and-children(ccdd7ed5-e108-43ee-b50a-49b65f1ce6e2).html (accessed 17 March 2021)

Kushalnagar P, Reesman J, Holcomb T, Ryan C. Prevalence of anxiety or depression diagnosis in Deaf adults. The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education. 2019; 24:(4)378-385 https://doi.org/10.1093/Deafed/enz017

Kutcher S, Wei Y, Coniglio C. Mental health literacy: Past, present, and future. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 2016; 61:(3)154-158 https://doi.org/10.1177/0706743715616609

Kvam MH, Loeb M, Tambs K. Mental health in Deaf adults: symptoms of anxiety and depression among hearing and Deaf individuals. The Journal of Deaf studies and Deaf education. 2007; 12:(1)1-7 https://doi.org/10.1093/Deafed/enl015

Luckner JL, Movahedazarhouligh S. Social–Emotional Interventions with Children and Youth Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing: A Research Synthesis. The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education. 2019; 24:(1)1-10 https://doi.org/10.1093/Deafed/eny030

McKee MM, Paasche-Orlow MK, Winters PC, Fiscella K, Zazove P, Sen A, Pearson T. Assessing health literacy in Deaf American sign language users. Journal of health communication. 2015; 20:(sup2)92-100 https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2015.1066468

Mayberry RI, Chen JK, Witcher P, Klein D. Age of acquisition effects on the functional organization of language in the adult brain. Brain and Language. 2011; 119:(1)16-29 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2011.05.007

Methley AM, Campbell S, Chew-Graham C, McNally R, Cheraghi-Sohi S. PICO, PICOS and SPIDER: a comparison study of specificity and sensitivity in three search tools for qualitative systematic reviews. BMC health services research. 2014; 14:(1) https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-014-0579-0

Moher D. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2009; 151:(4) https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-151-4-200908180-00135

Moores D.Boston: Houghton Mifflin; 2001

Naseribooriabadi T, Sadoughi F, Sheikhtaheri A. Barriers and facilitators of health literacy among D/Deaf individuals: A review article. Iranian Journal of Public Health. 2017; 46:(11) https://doi.org/10.29011/2577-2228.100078

Naslund JA, Gonsalves PP, Gruebner O, Pendse SR, Smith SL, Sharma A, Raviola G. Digital innovations for global mental health: opportunities for data science, task sharing, and early intervention. Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry. 2019; 6:(4)337-351 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40501-019-00186-8

National Deaf Children's Society. Emotional wellbeing in Deaf children and young people, and their families: a literature review. 2020. https://www.ndcs.org.uk/media/6198/emotional_wellbeing_literature_review_2020.pdf (accessed 2 November 2020)

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Evidence standards framework for digital health technologies March 2019. 2019. https://www.nice.org.uk/Media/Default/About/what-we-do/our-programmes/evidence-standards-framework/digital-evidence-standards-framework.pdf (accessed 10 November 2020)

O'Rourke S, Glickman N, Austen S. Deaf people in the criminal justice system: Is a Culturally Affirmative Response Possible or Desirable?. In: Glickman N (ed). New York: Routledge; 2012

Orpana H, Vachon J, Dykxhoorn J, McRae L, Jayaraman G. Monitoring positive mental health and its determinants in Canada: the development of the Positive Mental Health Surveillance Indicator Framework. Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada: Research, Policy and Practice. 2016; 36:(1) https://doi.org/10.24095/hpcdp.36.1.01

Pertz L, Plegue M, Diehl K, Zazove P, McKee M. Addressing mental health needs for Deaf patients through an integrated health care model. The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education. 2018; 23:(3)240-248 https://doi.org/10.1093/Deafed/eny002

Pollard RQ, Barnett S. Health-related vocabulary knowledge among Deaf adults. Rehabilitation Psychology. 2009a; 54:(2) https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015771

Pollard RQ, Dean RK, O'Hearn A, Haynes SL. Adapting health education material for Deaf audiences. Rehabilitation psychology. 2009b; 54:(2) https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015772

Rainer JD, Altshuler KZ.New York: Department of Medical Genetics, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University; 1966

Reinke WM, Eddy JM, Dishion TJ, Reid JB. Joint trajectories of symptoms of disruptive behavior problems and depressive symptoms during early adolescence and adjustment problems during emerging adulthood. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2012; 40:1123-1136 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-012-9630-y

Roberts S, Wright B, Moore K Translation into British Sign Language and validation of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire. Health Services and Delivery Research. 2015; 3:(2) https://doi.org/10.3310/hsdr03020

Deaf people and mental well-being: Exploring and measuring mental well-being in British Sign Language (Doctoral thesis, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK). 2013. https://www.escholar.manchester.ac.uk/uk-ac-man-scw:209223 (accessed 10 November 2020)

Rogers KD, Pilling M, Davies L, Belk R, Nassimi-Green C, Young A. Translation, validity and reliability of the British Sign Language (BSL) version of the EQ-5D-5L. Quality of Life Research. 2016; 25:(7)1825-1834 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-016-1235-4

Sessa B, Sutherland H. Addressing mental health needs of Deaf children and their families: the National Deaf Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service. The Psychiatrist. 2013; 37:(5)175-178 https://doi.org/10.1192/pb.bp.112.038604

Singleton JL, Remillard ET, Mitzner TL, Rogers WA. Everyday technology use among older deaf adults. Disability and rehabilitation: Assistive Technology. 2019; 14:(4)325-332

Smith CE, Massey-Stokes M, Lieberth A. Health information needs of DHH adolescent females: A call to action. American Annals of the Deaf. 2012; 157:(1)41-47 https://doi.org/10.1353/aad.2012.1608

Stevenson J, McCann D, Watkin P, Worsfold S, Kennedy C. The relationship between language development and behaviour problems in children with hearing loss. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2010; 51:77-83 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2009.02124.x

Stevenson J, McCann DC, Law CM The effect of early confirmation of hearing loss on the behaviour in middle childhood of children with bilateral hearing impairment. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2011; 53:269-274 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8749.2010.03839.x

Stormshak EA, Bierman KL, McMahon RJ, Lengua LJ. Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. Parenting practices and child disruptive behavior problems in early elementary school. J Clin Child Psychol. 2000; 29:17-29 https://doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp2901_3

Uchida T, Sumiyoshi H, Miyazaki T Systems for Supporting Deaf People in Viewing Sports Programs by Using Sign Language Animation Synthesis. ITE Transactions on Media Technology and Applications. 2019; 7:(3)126-133 https://doi.org/10.3169/mta.7.126

Valentine G, Skelton T. ‘An umbilical cord to the world’ The role of the Internet in D/Deaf people's information and communication practices. Information, Communication & Society. 2009; 12:(1)44-65 https://doi.org/10.1080/13691180802158573

Van Eldik T, Treffers P, Veerman J, Verhulst F. Mental Health Problems of Deaf Dutch Children As Indicated by Parents' Responses to the Child Behavior Checklist. American Annals of the Deaf. 2004; 148:(5)390-395 https://doi.org/10.1353/aad.2004.0002

Vis C, Mol M, Kleiboer A, Bührmann L, Finch T, Smit J, Riper H. Improving implementation of eMental health for mood disorders in routine practice: systematic review of barriers and facilitating factors. JMIR Mental Health. 2018; 5:(1) https://doi.org/10.2196/mental.9769

Vogel-Walcutt JJ, Schatschneider C, Bowers C. Social-emotional functioning of elementary-age Deaf children: A profile analysis. American Annals of the Deaf. 2011; 156:(1)6-22 https://doi.org/10.1353/aad.2011.0017

Webster-Stratton C, Rinaldi J, Jamila MR. Long-term outcomes of incredible years parenting program: predictors of adolescent adjustment. Child Adolesc Ment Health. 2011; 16:38-46 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-3588.2010.00576.x

Wilson JA, Schild S. Provision of mental health care services to Deaf individuals using telehealth. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 2014; 45:(5) https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036811

World Federation of the Deaf. Our mission, our values, our people. 2016. http://wfDeaf.org/who-we-are/our-philosophy/ (accessed 11 November 2020)

World Health Organization. Mental health. 2019a. https://www.who.int/news-room/facts-in-pictures/detail/mental-health (accessed 17 March 2021)

World Health Organization. Deafness and hearing loss. 2019b. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/Deafness-and-hearing-loss (accessed 11 November 2020)

Mental health in deaf children. 2020a. https://www.acamh.org/app/uploads/2020/05/RD_Mental-Health-in-Deaf-Children.pdf (accessed 3 March 2021)

Accessing good communication. 2020b. https://www.acamh.org/app/uploads/2020/05/RD_Accessing-good-communication.pdf (accessed 17 March 2021)

Wright B, Walker R, Holwell A. A new dedicated mental health service for Deaf children and adolescents. Advances in Mental Health. 2012; 11:(1)95-105 https://doi.org/10.5172/jamh.2012.11.1.95

Examining interventions to improve young deaf people's mental health: a search for evidence

02 April 2021
Volume 2 · Issue 2

Abstract

Background

Young deaf and hard of hearing people have a higher prevalence of mental health problems than their hearing peers. Little is known about mental health interventions that promote positive mental health in this population group.

Aim

To evaluate evidence of mental health interventions with young deaf and hard of hearing people.

Methods

A literature review was performed over four databases: CINAHL, Medline, Web of Science and Proquest, for peer reviewed articles written in English that focused on interventions to improve young Deaf people's mental health.

Results

The search yielded 62 papers, with none eligible for inclusion. Information did not relate directly to mental health interventions that improve young deaf and hard of hearing people's mental health or that support social and emotional behavioural issues.

Conclusions

Practitioners and researchers need to work closely with deaf and hard of hearing communities and explore what improves young deaf and hard of hearing people's mental health.

Around 96% of deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) children are born to hearing parents who have limited knowledge about deafness and Deaf culture (Moores, 2001). Deaf children who are born into hearing families and cannot make themselves understood are four times more likely to be affected by mental health problems than those with effective communication (Fellinger et al, 2009). Hearing families with DHH children receive limited information about the best routes for supporting a DHH child's language development, because of a lack of awareness in health professionals that families meet in their child's early years (Humphries et al, 2012). Research suggests there are difficulties identifying DHH children's emotional wellbeing issues compared to hearing children's, which can be a result of the variety of assessment tools used and limited generalisability (Barker et al, 2009; Vogel-Walcutt et al, 2011), with conflicting reports depending whose views are sought (for example, families' or teachers' views) (Van Eldik et al, 2004). Research studies of DHH children's mental health experiences are generally under-reported.

Register now to continue reading

Thank you for visiting Journal of Child Health and reading some of our peer-reviewed resources for children’s health professionals. To read more, please register today. You’ll enjoy the following great benefits:

What's included

  • Limited access to our clinical or professional articles

  • New content and clinical newsletter updates each month