References

Action on Smoking and Health. Smokefree GB Youth Survey. 2019. https://ash.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Use-of-e-cigarettes-vapes-among-adults-in-Great-Britain-2020.pdf (accessed 1 February 2021)

London: Department of Health; 2017

DiFranza J, Rigotti NA, McNeill AD Initial symptoms of nicotine dependence in adolescents. Tobacco Control. 2000; 9:(3)313-319 https://doi.org/10.1136/tc.9.3.313

Hartmann-Boyce J, McRobbie H, Lindson N Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2020; https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD010216.pub4

Hopkinson N, Lester-George A, Ormiston-Smith N, Cox A, Arnott D. Child uptake of smoking by area across the UK. Thorax. 2013; 69:(9)873-875 https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2013-204379

Khouja JN, Suddell SF, Peters SE Is e-cigarette use in non-smoking young adults associated with later smoking? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Tobacco Control. 2021; 30:8-15 https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2019-055433

Leonardi-Bee J, Jere M, Britton J. Exposure to parental and sibling smoking and the risk of smoking uptake in childhood and adolescence: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Thorax. 2011; 66:(10)847-855 https://doi.org/10.1136/thx.2010.153379

National Centre for Smoking Cessation and Training. Why use CO-verified 4-week quit rates as the primary measure of stop smoking service success?. 2014. https://www.ncsct.co.uk/usr/pub/NCSCT%20briefing%20on%204%20week%20quit%20rates.pdf (accessed 27 January 2021)

National Centre for Smoking Cessation and Training. Training. 2021. https://www.ncsct.co.uk/pub_training.php (accessed 27 January 2021)

NHS. Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use Among Young People in England 2016. 2017. https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/smoking-drinking-and-drug-use-among-young-people-in-england/2016 (accessed 27 January 2021)

Edinburgh: Scottish Government; 2013

Smoking prevention and cessation in young people

02 April 2021
5 min read
Volume 2 · Issue 2

Abstract

Smoking is started primarily in adolescence and is responsible for nearly 80 000 preventable deaths in England per year. Children and young people are reported to become addicted to tobacco and smoking within 4 weeks of starting the habit, In this article, Emma Croghan considers how school nurses can aid in preventing children and young people from taking up smoking, focusing on effective interventions such as mass media campaigns and school or peer-based programmes. How to help young people stop once they have developed a smoking habit is also discussed, based on the Ask, Advise, Act steps for advice sessions with young people who smoke.

Smoking tobacco continues to be the single biggest cause of preventable mortality – with nearly 80 000 preventable deaths estimated to be caused by smoking in England alone in 2017 (NHS Digital, 2019). It is also a major driver of health inequality, accounting for around half of the difference in life expectancy between the richest and poorest in the UK (Scottish Government, 2013; Department of Health and Social Care, 2017). Smoking is a behaviour that is mainly started in adolescence; 77% of 16–24 year old smokers in 2014 had started smoking before the age of 18 (Department of Health and Social Care, 2017), and so preventing uptake of smoking by young people is a key mechanism to reducing adult health inequality and preventable mortality.

The latest UK Tobacco Control Plan, ‘Towards a smoke free generation’ (Department of Health and Social Care, 2017) has four key objectives, to be achieved by 2022:

Register now to continue reading

Thank you for visiting Journal of Child Health and reading some of our peer-reviewed resources for children’s health professionals. To read more, please register today. You’ll enjoy the following great benefits:

What's included

  • Limited access to our clinical or professional articles

  • New content and clinical newsletter updates each month