Anderson L, Goodman R, Holtzman D, Posner S, Northridge M Aging in the United States: Opportunities and Challenges for Public Health. Am J Public Health. 2012; 102:(3)393-395

Angell C, Alexander J, Hunt J ‘Draw, write and tell’: A literature review and methodological development on the ‘draw and write’ research method. Journal of Early Childhood Research. 2014; 13:(1)17-28

Bandura A Psychological modelling.Chicago: Aldine Atherton; 1971

Bandura A Social learning theory.Englewood Cliffs, NY: Prentice-Hall; 1976

Boal A Theatre of the Oppressed. Theatre Communications Group. 2000;

Bury A, Popple K, Barker J You've Got to Think Really Hard: children making sense of the aims and content of Theatre in Health Education. Research in Drama Education: The Journal of Applied Theatre and Performance. 1998; 3:(1)13-27

Chung H, Monday A, Perry A Promoting the Well-being of Urban Youth through Drama-based Peer Education. Am J Health Behav. 2017; 1:(6)728-739

Clark A, Kjorholt A, Moss P Beyond listening: children's perspectives on early childhood services, 1st edn. Bristol: Policy Press; 2005

Cunningham C, Mapp C, Rimas H, Cunningham L, Mielko S, Vaillancourt T, Marcus M What limits the effectiveness of antibullying programs? A thematic analysis of the perspective of students. Psychology of Violence. 2016; 6:(4)596-606

Dill-Shackleford K, Green M, Scharrer E, Wetterer C, Shackleford L Setting the Stage for Social Change: Using Live Theater to Dispel Myths About Intimate Partner Violence. J Health Commun. 2015; 20:(8)969-76

Ditchthelabel. Ditchthelabel The Annual Bullying Survey. 2017. http://ttps:// (last Accessed November 2017)

Driessnack M, Furukawa R Arts-based data collection techniques used in child research. J Spec Pediatr Nurs. 2012; 17:(1)3-9

Einarsdóttir J Research with children: Methodological and ethical challenges. European Early Childhood Education Research Journal. 2007; 15:(2)197-211

Feldman N, Ruble D The Effect of personal relevance on psychological inference: A developmental analysis. Child Dev. 1988; 59:(5)1339-52

Flygare E, Gill P, Johansson B Lessons from a concurrent evaluation of eight antibullying programs used in Sweden. American Journal of Evaluation. 2013; 34:(2)170-189

Geldard K Practical interventions for young people at risk, 2nd edn. London: British Library Cataloguing in Publication data; 2014

Goleman D Working with emotional intelligence.: Soundview Executive Book Summaries; 2010

Haines J, Neumark-Sztainer D, Morris B Theater as a behavior change strategy: Qualitative findings from a school-based intervention. Eat Disord. 2008; 16:(3)241-54

Haß J, Hartmann M What determines the fruit and vegetables intake of primary school children?—An analysis of personal and social determinants. Appetite. 2018; 120:82-91

Holloway I, Galvin K Qualitative research in nursing and healthcare, 4th edn. Chichester: Wiley and Sons; 2017

Howard R Testing the accuracy of the retrospective recall method used in expertise research. Behavior Research Methods. 2011; 43:(4)931-941

Joronen K, Konu A, Rankin H, Astedt-Kurki P An evaluation of a drama program to enhance social relationships and anti-bullying at elementary school: a controlled study. Health Promotion International. 2011; 27:(1)5-14

Kenny R, Wirth J Implementing Participatory, Constructivist Learning Experiences Through Best Practice in Live Interactive Preformance. The Journal of Effective Teaching. 2009; 9:(1)34-47

Kocer H The evaluation of the art activities applied in preschool education programmes in terms of self-expression opportunity given to child. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2012; 51:289-295

Lieberman L, Berlin C, Palen L, Ashley O A theater-based approach to primary prevention of sexual behavior for early adolescents. The Journal of Early Adolescence. 2011; 32:(5)730-753

Lloyd G, Stead J, Kendrick A Joined-up Approaches to Prevent School Exclusion. Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties. 2003; 8:(1)77-91

Lloyd JJ, Wyatt K, Creanor S Behavioural and weight status outcomes from an exploratory trial of the Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP): A novel school-based obesity prevention programme. BMJ Open. 2012; 2:(3)–000390

Maltby J, Williams G, McGarry J, Day L Research Methods for Nursing and Healthcare.Taylor and Francis: Hoboken; 2014

Modecki KL, Minchin J, Harbaugh AG, Guerra NG, Runions KC Bullying prevalence across contexts: a meta-analysis measuring cyber and traditional bullying. J Adolesc Health. 2014; 55:(5)602-611

Monks CP, Smith PK, Naylor P, Barter C, Ireland JL, Coyne I Bullying in different contexts: Commonalities, differences and the role of theory. Aggress Violent Behav. 2009; 14:(2)146-156

Nicklas T, Lopez S, Liu Y, Saab R, Reiher R Motivational theater to increase consumption of vegetable dishes by preschool children. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2017; 14:(16)

Nodin N, Peel A, Tyler A, Rivers I The RaRE research report: LGB&T mental health – risk and resilience explored. The RaRE research report: LGB&T mental health – risk and resilience explored.: ACEHealth; 2017

Nutbrown C Naked by the pool? Blurring the image? Ethical issues in the portrayal of young children in arts-based educational research. Qualitative Inquiry. 2012; 17:(1)3-14

Orme J, Salmon D, Mages L Project Jump: Young people's perspectives on a sexual health drama project for hard to reach young people. Children and Society. 2007; 21:(5)352-364

Pataki S, Mackenzie S Modeling Social Activism and Teaching About Violence Against Women Through Theatre Education. Psychology of Women Quarterly. 2012; 36:(4)500-503

Phelan S, Kinsella E Picture This … Safety, Dignity, and Voice–Ethical Research With Children. Qualitative Inquiry. 2012; 19:(2)81-90

Piaget J The moral judgement of the child, 1st edn. New York: Free Press; 1965

Prochaska JO, Velicer WF The Transtheoretical Model of Health Behavior Change. Am J Health Promot. 1997; 12:(1)38-48

Sinkkonen HM, Puhakka H, Meriläinen M Bullying at a university: students' experiences of bullying. Stud High Educ. 2014; 39:(1)153-165

van Reijmersdal E, Rozendaal E, Smink N, van Noort G, Buijzen M Processes and effects of targeted online advertising among children. International Journal of Advertising. 2016; 36:(3)396-414

Varghese M, Pistole M College student cyberbullying: self-esteem, depression, loneliness, and attachment. Journal of College Counseling. 2017; 20:(1)7-21

Vygotskiĭ L, Cole MCambridge: Harvard University Press; 1978

Wilson R, Bradbury L The pedagogical potential of drawing and writing in a primary science multimodal unit. International Journal of Science Education. 2016; 38:(17)2621-2641

Young people's experiences of an anti-bullying Drama in Education workshop six months' post-participation

02 April 2020
Volume 1 · Issue 2


The purpose of this primary research study was to explore young people's experiences of an anti-bullying Drama in Education workshop, to understand the meanings young people have attributed to their experiences in relation to the workshop using an interpretative study design and to understand if the intervention has influenced participant's knowledge, skills, and behaviours in bullying situations. The research aims to fill the knowledge gap of the mechanisms in which arts and health promotion and health education interventions enhance social and cognitive skills in young people and the longitudinal impact of drama interventions and their relevance in enhancing long-term skills and knowledge.

There is no agreed operational definition of bullying. Various studies define bullying as a repeated, direct or indirect negative action resulting in harmful behaviours which target an individual over a long period of time (Monks et al, 2009; Modecki et al, 2014; Sinkkonen et al, 2012).

Self-reported survey responses from 10 020 young people between the ages of 10 and 20 attending secondary schools and colleges across the UK suggest that one in two have experienced some form of bullying with one in ten bullied in the past week (, 2017). Evidence suggests that there is a strong correlation between bullying and reduced academic attainment (Varghese and Pistole, 2017; Nodin et al, 2017). More than 16 000 young people were reported absent from school in the UK, 2016, due to bullying and upwards of 50% of students in higher education have experienced bullying online (Varghese and Pistole, 2017; Nodin et al, 2017).

Register now to continue reading

Thank you for visiting Journal of Child Health and reading some of our peer-reviewed resources for children’s health professionals. To read more, please register today. You’ll enjoy the following great benefits:

What's included

  • Limited access to our clinical or professional articles

  • New content and clinical newsletter updates each month